The Providential Usefulness of "Simple Foreknowledge"

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

12 Scopus citations


There are two ways to combine the doctrine of complete divine foreknowledge with the philosophical thesis of libertarianism (i.e., that freedom and determinism are incompatible): Molinism (which requires the truth of what Plantinga has called "counterfactuals of freedom") and simple foreknowledge (which does not). David Hunt has ably defended simple foreknowledge against its many critics; and he has claimed that God would have more providential control over the course of history if simple foreknowledge were true than if open theism were true (i.e., than if God did not know the outcomes of free choices until they happened). I develop a framework for describing different views about the "stages" in complete divine foreknowledge, and examine the providential advantages Hunt describes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationReason, Metaphysics, and Mind
Subtitle of host publicationNew Essays on the Philosophy of Alvin Plantinga
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199932184
ISBN (Print)9780199766864
StatePublished - May 24 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Arts and Humanities


  • David hunt
  • Foreknowledge
  • Free will
  • Libertarianism
  • Providence


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