This study examines the impact of external financing activities on earnings management decisions and further explores the role of enterprise risk management (ERM) as a potential moderating factor in this association. We find that managers use both real-activities and accrual-based earnings management when engaging in equity financing activities. Moreover, when firms have weaker ERM systems, we find that managers are less likely to use real-activities earnings management in their equity financing efforts. Therefore, our policy-relevant findings suggest that weaker ERM systems can signal poor control mechanisms and attract additional investor scrutiny, thus constraining managers’ use of real-activities earnings manipulation to harm long-term firm value.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Economics and Econometrics
- Accrual-based earnings management
- Corporate governance
- Enterprise risk management
- External financing activities
- Real activities earnings management