The enclitic pronominal suffixes in Neo-Mandaic are affixed to nouns and prepositions via two separate strategies. Nearly all nouns and prepositions inherited directly from Classical Mandaic take pronominal suffixes directly. All loanwords, and an extremely circumscribed set of original Mandaic words, receive pronominal suffixes after an enclitic particle, -d-. Rudolph Macuch suggested in his Handbook of Classical and Modern Mandaic that this particle is derived from the Classical Mandaic relative pronoun, dcombining macron below-. The evidence, however, suggests that this particle is an innovation, which ultimately derives from the metathesis of the final two root consonants of Classical Mandaic qam / qadmia 'to, for' (Neo-Mandaic qam / qamdi-), from which it spread by analogy to new lexical items.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cultural Studies
- Language and Linguistics
- Religious studies
- Linguistics and Language
- Literature and Literary Theory