The role of multiple hyperbaric oxygenation in expanding therapeutic windows after acute spinal cord injury in rats.

Lixin Huang, Maheshkumar P. Mehta, Anil Nanda, John H. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECT: Hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) therapy has been reported to improve neurological recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI). In the present study, the authors examined whether multiple HBO therapy can expand the therapeutic window after acute SCI. METHODS: Seventy rats were randomly assigned to seven groups: sham surgery; SCI without treatment; single HBO treatment beginning at 30 minutes, 3 hours, and 6 hours after SCI; and multiple HBO treatments starting at 6 and 24 hours postinjury. Mild SCI was induced by adjusting the height of a weight drop (10 g) to 6.25 mm above the exposed spinal cord. A single HBO administration was performed at 2.82 ata for 1 hour. The multiple HBO treatment modality was performed once daily for 1 week. All rats underwent behavioral testing with the Basso-Beattie-Breshnahan locomotor rating scale twice a week. Rats were killed on Day 42 postinjury and specimens comprising the lesioned area were histopathologically examined. Those rats that received single HBO intervention beginning at 30 minutes and 3 hours and those that received multiple HBO treatment starting at 6 hours following injury made significantly greater neurological recoveries than those in the nontreatment SCI group. These rats also retained more sparing tissue than controls. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrate that multiple HBO treatments can expand the therapeutic window for acute SCI to 6 hours after injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-205
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Volume99
Issue number2 Suppl
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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