The role of sex and family variables in burnout

Christina Maslach, Susan E. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations


Two survey studies were conducted to assess the relationship of demographic variables to the experience of job burnout. Contrary to earlier hypotheses that women are more vulnerable to this form of job stress, the results show that women do slightly better than men. However, this difference is rather small, which suggests that the sex of the employee is not a major factor in burnout. Other results show that employees who were married or who had children experienced less burnout. Job category was also an important predictor. The findings are discussed in terms of sex-role socialization, sex-typed occupations, and social support systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-851
Number of pages15
JournalSex Roles
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - Apr 1985
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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