The role of the dentist in the diagnosis and management of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea

Hafiz M. Moin Anwer, Hamad N. Albagieh, Mythili Kalladka, Harmeet K. Chiang, Shaima Malik, Sean W. McLaren, Junad Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this article is to review the role of the dentist in the early diagnosis of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and to provide an in-depth review of the best evidence-based practices available to treat and/or to refer these patients for intervention. Material and methods: A narrative review was performed using indexed data bases (PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, OVID, Scopus and Cochrane) up to year 2020, and approximately 1000 articles were reviewed. The articles included were those with the best information provided. Results: Detailed review of the literature suggests that the role of the dentist has been redefined owing to their expertise in the orofacial region. Every patient consulting a dental practice is not merely a dental patient; he/she also requires a comprehensive medical review. The role of the dentist is pivotal in pediatric patients once diagnosed with OSA; as the patients grow, growth modification can be achieved, and future management will be easier. Initiating dental treatments during growth can benefit patients two-fold, saving them from malocclusion, and intervening in orofacial structural growth can help to avoid cumbersome treatments, such as CPAP and various surgeries. Proper diagnosis and management of systemic illnesses can prevent compromised quality of life, delays in treatment, morbidity and, in some cases, mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-433
Number of pages10
JournalSaudi Dental Journal
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Dentistry

Keywords

  • Apnea
  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
  • Pediatric
  • Polysomnography (PSG)
  • Rapid maxillary expansion (RME)
  • Snoring

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