The role of urban form in the performance of shared automated vehicles

Kaidi Wang, Wenwen Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The technology of Shared Automated Vehicles (SAVs) has advanced significantly in recent years. However, existing SAV studies primarily focus on the system design, while limited studies have examined the impacts of exogenous variables, especially urban form, on SAV performance. Therefore, it remains unclear what key urban form measurements may influence SAV systems’ sustainability. This study fills the research gap by conducting simulation experiments using data collected from 286 cities. This study identifies critical urban form measurements correlated with the simulated SAV performance using fixed effects regression models. The results suggest that SAVs are more efficient and generate less VMT in denser cities with more connected networks and diversified land use development patterns. The model results can provide insights on land use and transportation policies to curb the adverse effects of SAVs in the future and generalize existing SAV simulation results to the rest of U.S. cities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102744
JournalTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
StatePublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation
  • General Environmental Science


  • Cross-city comparison
  • SAV performance
  • Shared Automated Vehicles (SAVs)
  • Simulation
  • Urban form


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