The supersonic project: To cool or not to cool supersonically induced gas objects (SIGOs)?

Yeou S. Chiou, Smadar Naoz, Blakesley Burkhart, Federico Marinacci, Mark Vogelsberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Supersonically induced gas objects (SIGOs) primarily form in the early universe, outside of dark matter halos due to the presence of a relative stream velocity between baryons and dark matter. These structures may be the progenitors of globular clusters. Since SIGOs are made out of pristine gas, we investigate the effect of atomic cooling on their properties. We run a suite of simulations by using the moving-mesh code AREPO, with and without baryon dark matter relative velocity and with and without the effects of atomic cooling. We show that SIGO's density, temperature, and prolateness are determined by gravitational interactions rather than cooling. The cold gas fraction in SIGOs is much higher than that of dark matter halos. Specifically, we show that SIGO's characteristically low temperature and extremely high gas density forges a nurturing ground for the earliest star formation sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberabc88f
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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