Thermal stability of dopants in boron carbide

Jun Du, Kent Christian, Qirong Yang, Chawon Hwang, Eoin McAleer, Richard A. Haber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Undoped (B4C), B rich (B5.5C), and B/Si co-doped (Si-B6.5C) boron carbides were annealed at 500 °C for up to 21 days to investigate the thermal stability of primary dopants, B and Si. Structural changes associated with dedoping were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy. The stable phase B4C showed no microstructural or lattice parameter changes. Similarly, lattice parameters of B5.5C remained constant, suggesting that B dopant is stable at the given conditions. However, the shortened lattice parameters and reduced Si content of Si-B6.5C over the annealing time indicated that Si dopant was in a metastable state at the annealing temperature. Consequently, Si dedoping led to an increase in amorphization (a loss of local crystalline order) which degrades the ballistic performance of boron carbide. The insight highlights the importance of Si dopant in boron carbide and suggests that rapid processing may be necessary to retain more silicon for better performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114263
JournalScripta Materialia
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


  • Annealing
  • Boron/silicon
  • Doped boron carbide
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • X-ray diffraction


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