Thermogravimetric Determination of Carbon, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Aluminum Nitride

Ion V. Nicolaescu, Gabriel Tardos, Richard Riman

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24 Scopus citations


A thermogravimetric method for the measurement of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen in aluminum nitride is described. Since carbon oxidation occurs at lower temperatures than the oxidation of the aluminum compounds, thermogravimetric analyses in the respective temperature regimes can yield measurement of the oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon content. Thermogravimetric analyses were performed on mixtures of aluminum nitride and carbon with various concentrations in order to evaluate the accuracy of this method. The results were compared with those obtained by the hot gas extraction method. Errors produced by overlapping of the temperature ranges of the reactions were evaluated and experimental conditions were optimized to minimize error. This method can produce reliable results at elemental concentrations higher than a few percent. The absolute errors of the C/AI, N/Al, and O/Al atomic ratios were less then 0.02. The detection limit was evaluated to 0.2 wt% of each element. The applicability of the method to the study of the kinetics of the nitridation reaction was demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2265-2272
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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