MazG proteins form a widely conserved family among bacteria, but their cellular function is still unknown. Here we report that Thermotoga maritima MazG protein (Tm-MazG), the product of the TM0913 gene, has both nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase (NTPase) and pyrophosphatase activities. Tm-MazG catalyzes the hydrolysis of all eight canonical ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates to their corresponding nucleoside monophosphates and PPi and subsequently hydrolyzes the resultant PPi to Pi. The NTPase activity with deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates as substrate is higher than corresponding ribonucleoside triphosphates. dGTP is the best substrate among the deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates, and GTP is the best among the ribonucleoside triphosphates. Both NTPase and pyrophosphatase activities were enhanced at higher temperatures and blocked by the α,β-methylene-adenosine triphosphate, which cannot be hydrolyzed by Tm-MazG. Furthermore, PPi is an inhibitor for the Tm-MazG NTPase activity. Significant decreases in the NTPase activity and concomitant increases in the pyrophosphatase activity were observed when mutations were introduced at the highly conserved amino acid residues in Tm-MazG N-terminal region (E41Q/E42Q, E45Q, E61Q, R97A/R98A, and K118A). These results demonstrated that Tm-MazG has dual enzymatic functions, NTPase and pyrophosphatase, and that these two enzymatic activities are coordinated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology