Phenyltris(2-pyridyl)borates (Tpyb) are a promising class of tripodal "scorpionate"-type ligands with potential utility in the development of transition-metal complexes with interesting optical, electronic, or magnetic properties and as building blocks to metallosupramolecular polymers. We report here a new class of "third-generation"-type Tpyb ligands that contain different functional groups attached to the boron-bound aryl moiety. The synthesis, characterization, and metal-ion complexation behavior of ligands with iodo and trimethylsilyl groups are discussed. The electrochemical and absorption characteristics of the corresponding low-spin iron(II) and ruthenium(II) complexes are compared. We demonstrate the further elaboration of iodo derivatives with alkynes via Sonogashira-Hagihara coupling, a process that proceeds with high yield for the iron(II) and ruthenium(II) complexes but not for the free ligand. Borylation of the silyl-substituted ruthenium(II) complex with BBr3 was also investigated. In addition to the expected borylation product Ru(Tpyb-Bpin)2, the replacement of one (major product) or two phenyl groups is observed, suggesting that electrophilic borylation occurs at both the C(Ph)-Si and the C(Ph)-B aromatic carbon atoms. The successful attachment of a range of different functional groups at the periphery of the Tpyb metal complexes is expected to provide opportunities to access new polymeric materials via C-C coupling or click-type reactions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry