The changes in activities of thymidine phosphorylase (EC 188.8.131.52), thymidine kinase (EC 184.108.40.206) and thymidylate synthetase (methylenetetrahydrofolate:dUrd‐5′‐P C‐methyltransferase, EC 2.1.1.‐) in the cerebral hemispheres of developing chick embryos were determined and compared with the course of DNA synthesis and of natural cell death in this organ. Thymidine phosphorylase activity reaches a broad maximum at the 12th to 14th day of incubation, followed by a rapid decrease. Thymidine kinase and thymidylate synthetase activities are highest at the earliest time studied (day 10) and decrease until day 14, followed by an increase from day 14 to 16 and a further decrease from day 16 through 1 day post‐hatching. The rate of DNA synthesis essentially follows these activities, but the increase at day 16 is not discernible. Our previous study revealed high DNA synthesis at day 10, with natural cell death concurring on days 12‐14, followed by another peak after day 16 (glial proliferation) and a decrease after day 16. It appears that thymidine phosphorylase activity reaches a maximum (days 12‐14) at the time of maximum cell death, which may be correlated with the degradative function of this enzyme. This was also the time for minimum activities of thymidine kinase and thymidylate synthetase; on the other hand, these activities reach a first (day 10) and second (day 16) maximum at the time of maximum DNA synthesis; this may be correlated with the synthetic functions of these enzymes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of neurochemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 1978|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience