A2780 sensitive and A2780/AD doxorubicin (DOX) resistant human ovarian carcinoma cells were exposed to different concentrations (0.25, 0.5, 1, 5 and 10xIC50) of free and HPMA copolymer-bound DOX for 12, 24, 36, 48, 60 and 72 h. Apoptosis and necrosis were evaluated using the FITC-conjugated annexin V and propidium iodide staining. The data obtained showed that the induction of apoptosis and necrosis by both free DOX and HPMA copolymer-bound DOX were time- and concentration-dependent. The data also showed significant differences between the drugs. It was found that: (i) under the action of HPMA copolymer-bound doxorubicin the alterations in the plasma membrane permeability preceded disturbances in cellular metabolism; (ii) HPMA copolymer-bound doxorubicin kills the cells mainly by necrosis; (iii) HPMA copolymer-bound doxorubicin is a more effective anticancer drug than free doxorubicin. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science
- HPMA copolymer
- Ovarian carcinoma