Time congruity in the organization: A proposed quality-of-life framework

Carol Felker Kaufman, Paul M. Lane, Jay D. Lindquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


The present paper examines the importance of matching the time styles of individuals with the time styles established by organizations. The authors introduce the notion of time congruity to represent such a matching process. While time use has been studied in both organizational and individual contexts, lesser attention has been given to such multi-level analysis. When the individual's self time preferences are matched to the time use methods of the organization, a fit is thought to exist, potentially leading to satisfactory performance and enhancement of quality of work and general life. A framework is proposed for identifying and exploring such congruity, leading to several research propositions. Managerial implications are developed for human resource issues and business combinations, such as joint ventures, mergers, and acquisitions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-106
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Business and Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)


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