Time's up: Relative disadvantages of long-term and short-term urban welfare recipients

Andrea Hetling, Kirk Tracy, Catherine E. Born

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This study examines the intersection of two important welfare realities, the imposition of a lifetime limit on cash benefits and the concentration of cases in urban areas. Using survey data on a random sample of June 2002, single-parent TANF families in a large city (Baltimore), the characteristics and self-perceived barriers of long-term (60+months) and short-term (< 12 months) recipients are compared. Although the demographics of the two groups are very similar, long-term cases were more likely to report barriers, such as having a family member with a health problem or living in bad neighborhood conditions, and to face more barriers than short-term cases. Policy and practice implications are identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-38
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Dec 12 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


  • Barriers
  • Time limits
  • Urban cases
  • Welfare

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