Time’s up: Relative disadvantages of long-term and short-term urban welfare recipients

Andrea Hetling, Kirk Tracy, Catherine E. Born

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This study examines the intersection of two important welfare realities, the imposition of a lifetime limit on cash benefits and the concentration of cases in urban areas. Using survey data on a random sample of June 2002, single-parent TANF families in a large city (Baltimore), the characteristics and self-perceived barriers of long-term (60+ months) and short-term (< 12 months) recipients are compared. Although the demographics of the two groups are very similar, long-term cases were more likely to report barriers, such as having a family member with a health problem or living in bad neighborhood conditions, and to face more barriers than short-term cases. Policy and practice implications are identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Impact of Welfare Reform
Subtitle of host publicationBalancing Safety Nets and Behavior Modification
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9780203051559
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine
  • General Health Professions


  • Barriers
  • Time limits
  • Urban cases
  • Welfare


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