Background.: Topotecan 14-day infusion combined with cisplatin was highly active in ovarian cancer, but too myelosuppressive. We therefore sought to evaluate the feasibility of substituting oxaliplatin for cisplatin to improve safety. Methods.: Ovarian and primary peritoneal cancer patients, pretreated with at least one prior platinum-containing regimen, performance status (PS) 0-1, without prior pelvic radiation were eligible. Topotecan was continuously infused days 1-15; oxaliplatin was given days 1 and 15; cycles were repeated every 28 days. Five dose levels were explored: topotecan (mg/m2/day)/oxaliplatin (mg/m2) doses: (1) 0.2/65; (2) 0.2/75; (3) 0.2/85; (4) 0.3/85; (5) 0.4/85. Results.: Twenty-three patients (20 ovarian, 1 tubal, and 2 peritoneal) were entered: median age 56 years (range, 37-77); PS: 0 = 12 and 1 = 11; histology: papillary serous 7, serous 4, adenocarcinoma 8, poorly differentiated 2. Median of 4 cycles were delivered. Grade 3 neutropenia occurred in 3 of 7 patients at level 5 (with fever at levels 4 and 5), without grade 4 neutropenia or thrombocytopenia. Other toxicities were mild and reversible (mainly gastrointestinal), except one grade 3 neuropathy and one oxaliplatin-related grade 3 hypersensitivity reaction. Six objective responses (five of them complete) were documented among 22 patients spanning several dose levels. Conclusion.: Topotecan continuous infusion, combined with oxaliplatin, was associated with no grade 4 hematologic toxicity and evidence of activity. The recommended phase II dose is topotecan 0.4 mg/m2/day continuous infusion d1-15 with oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 on days 1 and 15. A phase II evaluation as second-line treatment for both platinum-sensitive and -resistant ovarian cancer recurrences is ongoing.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Ovarian cancer