The series of multiferroics RMn2O5 is extensively studied for its quasicollinear spin arrangement, which results in an electrical polarization according to the exchange-striction model. Variations of the interatomic distances modified by the external pressure can strongly influence the multiferroic properties. Understanding this influence is of great importance, especially for the future realization of multiferroic devices. As PrMn2O5 is paraelectric at ambient pressure, it is the most suitable candidate to search for pressure induced multiferroicity. In this paper, we report the emergence of a new pressure induced magnetic phase in PrMn2O5 determined by powder neutron diffraction under pressure. This new magnetic phase presenting at relatively low pressure becomes completely exclusive at 8 GPa. The determination of its magnetic structure has thus been possible for the first time. More importantly, the magnetic structure stabilized under pressure should induce a strong spontaneous electric polarization due to the nearly perfect collinearity of the Mn3+ and Mn4+ spins.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics