As energy efficiency and associated costs become key concerns, consolidated and virtualized data centers and clouds are attractive computing platforms for data-and computeintensive applications. Recently, these platforms are also being considered for more traditional high-performance computing (HPC) applications. However, maximizing energy efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and utilization for these applications while ensuring performance and other Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees, requires leveraging important and extremely challenging tradeoffs. These include, for example, the tradeoff between the need to efficiently create and provision Virtual Machines (VMs) on data center resources and the need to accommodate the heterogeneous resource demands and runtimes of the applications that run on them. In this paper we propose an energy-aware online provisioning approach for HPC applications on consolidated and virtualized computing platforms. Energy efficiency is achieved using a workload-aware, just-right dynamic provisioning mechanism and the ability to power down subsystems of a host system that are not required by the VMs mapped to it. Our preliminary evaluations show that our approach can improve energy efficiency with an acceptable QoS penalty.