Training psychiatrists and advanced practice nurses to treat tobacco dependence

Jill M. Williams, Marc L. Steinberg, M. H. Zimmermann Mia Hanos, Kunal K. Gandhi, Gem Estelle Lucas, Dawn A. Gonsalves, Ivy Pearlstein, Philip McCabe, Magdalena Galazyn, Edward Salsberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The lack of availability of continuing medical education programs on tobacco dependence for psychiatrists and psychiatric nurses is profound. We developed a 2-day curriculum delivered in November 2006 and March 2007 to 71 participants. Ninety-three percent (n = 66) completed a pretest/posttest, and 91% (n = 65) completed the attitudes and beliefs survey. Scores on the pretest were low (M = 47% correct). Paired t tests found significant increases in raw scores from 6.7 to 13.6, t(65) = -22.8, p < .0001. More than 90% of psychiatrists and nurses indicated that motivating and helping patients to stop smoking and discussing smoking behavior were part of their professional role. Although 80% reported that they usually ask about smoking status, fewer reported recommending nicotine replacement (34%), prescribing pharmacotherapy (29%), or referring smokers to a telephone quit line (26%). Trainings are repeated twice a year because of ongoing demand. Further follow-up should evaluate changes in practices after training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-58
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Phychiatric Mental Health


  • Continuing medical education
  • Health providers
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco dependence


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