Purpose: Cancer patients are often concurrently treated with analgesics and antineoplastic drugs, yet the influence of analgesic agents on therapeutic activity of antineoplastic drugs is largely unexplored. This study investigates the effects of three commonly used analgesics, which produce analgesia by different mechanisms, on cytotoxicity induced by cisplatin, a widely used antitumor agent, and the relation between those effects and modulation of gapjunction function by the analgesics. Experimental Design: The role of gapjunctions in the modulation of cisplatin toxicity is explored by manipulation of connexin expression, and gap junction presence and function, using clinically relevant concentrations of the analgesics and cisplatin. Results: Short-term exposure of transformed cells to cisplatin reduced the clonogenic survival in low-density cultures (without gapju nction formation) and in high density (with gapj unction formation), but the toxic effect was greater at high density. In the absence of connexin expression or with block of connexin channels, cell density had no effect on cisplatin toxicity. Tramadol and flurbiprofen, but not morphine, significantly reduced cisplatin cytotoxicity, but this effect required functional gap junctions between the cells. Tramadol and flurbiprofen inhibited dye-coupling through gap junctions, but morphine did not. Conclusions: The results suggest that the density dependence of cisplatin toxicity is mediated by gapj unctions. They further indicate that tramadol and flurbiprofen depress cisplatin cytotoxicity through inhibition of gap junction activity, and more generally, that agents that depress junctional communication can counteract the effects of antitumor agents.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research