Transmembrane and trans-subunit regulation of ectodomain shedding of platelet glycoprotein Ibα

Xi Mo, Nam X. Nguyen, Fi Tjen Mu, Wenjun Yang, Shi Zhong Luo, Huizhou Fan, Robert K. Andrews, Michael C. Berndt, Renhao Li

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18 Scopus citations


Ectodomain shedding of transmembrane proteins may be regulated by their cytoplasmic domains. To date, the effecting cytoplasmic domain and the shed extracellular domain have been in the same polypeptide. In this study, shedding of GPIbα, the ligand-binding subunit of the platelet GPIb-IX complex and a marker for platelet senescence and storage lesion, was assessed in Chinese hamster ovary cells with/without functional GPIbα sheddase ADAM17. Mutagenesis of the GPIb-IX complex, which contains GPIbα, GPIbβ, and GPIX subunits, revealed that the intracellular membrane-proximal calmodulin-binding region of GPIbβ is critical for ADAM17-dependent shedding of GPIbα induced by the calmodulin inhibitor, W7. Perturbing the interaction between GPIbα and GPIbβ subunits further lessened the restraint of GPIbβ on GPIbα shedding. However, contrary to the widely accepted model of calmodulin regulation of ectodomain shedding, the R152E/L153E mutation in the GPIbβ cytoplasmic domain disrupted calmodulin binding to GPIbβ but had little effect on GPIbα shedding. Analysis of induction of GPIbα shedding by membrane-permeable GPIbβ-derived peptides implicated the association of GPIbβ with an unidentified intracellular protein in mediating regulation of GPIbα shedding. Overall, these results provide evidence for a novel trans-subunit mechanism for regulating ectodomain shedding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32096-32104
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number42
StatePublished - Oct 15 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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