Trauma CT evaluation prior to selective angiography in patients with traumatic injuries: negative predictive power and factors affecting its utility

John A. Cieslak, Tarek Jazmati, Aesha Patel, Humaira Chaudhry, Abhishek Kumar, Sohail Contractor, Pratik A. Shukla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the predictive power of arterial injury detected on contrast-enhanced CT (trauma CT (tCT)) imaging obtained prior to selective angiography for treatment of patients with traumatic abdominal and pelvic injuries. Materials and methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of all patients who underwent angiography after undergoing contrast-enhanced CT imaging for the evaluation/treatment of traumatic injuries to the abdomen and pelvis between March 2014 and September 2018. Data collection included demographics, pertinent history and physical findings, CT and angiography findings, treatment information, and outcomes. Results: Eighty-nine (63 males, mean age = 45.8 ± 20.5 years) patients that were found to have 102 traumatic injuries on tCT and subsequently underwent angiography met inclusion criteria for this study. Sixty-four injuries demonstrated evidence of traumatic vascular injury on initial tCT. A negative tCT was able to predict subsequent negative angiography in 83% of cases (negative predictive power = 83%). The ability of tCT to rule out a positive finding on subsequent angiography was also 83% (sensitivity = 83%). The average systolic blood pressure and hemoglobin concentration at the time of tCT were higher in patients who had positive tCT than in patients with negative tCT (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively). The average time to angiography was greater in patients whom had subsequent negative angiography than the patients who had subsequent positive angiography (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Contrast-enhanced CT imaging may be able to help stratify patients who may have subsequent negative angiograms. Hemodynamic factors may affect sensitivity of tCT. Shorter time to angiography may increase the chance of identifying the injury on subsequent angiography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-486
Number of pages10
JournalEmergency Radiology
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Keywords

  • Embolization
  • Extravasation
  • Hemodynamics
  • Time to angiography (TTA)
  • Trauma computed tomography (tCT)
  • Traumatic hemorrhage

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