Trauma exposure and cigarette smoking: The impact of negative affect and affect-regulatory smoking motives

Samantha G. Farris, Michael J. Zvolensky, Jean C. Beckham, Anka A. Vujanovic, Norman B. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cognitive-affective mechanisms related to the maintenance of smoking among trauma-exposed individuals are largely unknown. Cross-sectional data from trauma-exposed treatment-seeking smokers (n = 283) were utilized to test a series of multiple mediator models of trauma exposure and smoking, as mediated by the sequential effects of negative affect and affect-modulation smoking motives. The sequential effects of both mediators indirectly predicted the effect of greater trauma exposure types on nicotine dependence, a biochemical index of smoking, perceived barriers to smoking cessation, and greater withdrawal-related problems during past quit attempts. Negative affect and affect-modulation motives for smoking may contribute to the trauma-smoking association.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-365
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Keywords

  • Trauma

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