Treatment of angina pectoris with pindolol: The significance of intrinsic sympathomimetic activity of beta blockers

John B. Kostis, William Frishman, Mary Helen Hosler, Nancy L. Thorsen, Leonard Gonasun, Jerome Weinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although all beta blockers have been found to be effective in the symptomatic relief of angina pectoris, the importance of intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA) has not been studied extensively. In a randomized, double-blind study, we administered equipotent doses of propranolol (10, 20, and 40 mg four times a day) and pindolol (2.5, 5, and 10 mg four times a day), a beta blocker with significant ISA, to 52 patients with angina. Both agents were found to be effective in the treatment of angina. At peak dose, propranolol reduced the number of angina attacks per 2 weeks from 29.29 ± 4.79 to 18.0 ± 4.4 (p = 0.021) (a 39% reduction) and increased the exercise tolerance on the treadmill from 7.55 ± 0.67 METS to 9.36 ± 0.58 (p = 0.002). Pindolol decreased the number of anginal attacks per 2 weeks from 16.48 ± 2.63 to 8.65 ± 2.46 (p = 0.0027) (a 48% reduction) and increased exercise tolerance from 7.95 ± 0.56 METS to 9.40 ± 0.57 (p = 0.0245). At the end of the maximum tolerated exercise, propranolol decreased the heart rate from 110.00 ± 3.41 to 99.71 ± 3.74 (p = 0.0015). Pindolol also decreased the heart rate at the maximum tolerated exercise from 113.59 ± 3.24 to 108.12 ± 3.16 (p = 0.0102). At rest, however, propranolol induced a more pronounced (p = 0.0066) decrease in heart rate (from 69.00 ± 1.85 to 61.50 ± 1.99; p = 0.0018), whereas pindolol did not significantly affect the resting heart rate (65.37 ± 1.47 to 65.5 ± 1.44; p = 0.9392). In addition propranolol decreased echocardiographically determined ejection fraction from 0.57 ± 0.02 to 0.15 ± 0.01 (p = 0.04) and increased the left ventricular end-diastolic colume from 71.8 ± 3.2 to 92.2 ± 1.9 ml (p = 0.003), whereas pindolol did not affect the ejection fraction and caused a less pronounced (p = 0.03) increase in end-diastolic volume (from 70.8 ± 1.8 to 80.2 ± 2.8; p = 0.02). The data indicate that both propranolol and pindolol are effective in the treatment of angina pectoris and that pindolol decreases the resting heart rate and ejection fraction and increases the left ventricular end-diastolic volume to a lesser extent than propranolol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)496-504
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume104
Issue number2 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1982

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Treatment of angina pectoris with pindolol: The significance of intrinsic sympathomimetic activity of beta blockers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this