Trends in prevalence of HIV, syphilis, hepatitis C, hepatitis B, and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men: Results of 3 consecutive respondent-driven sampling surveys in Beijing, 2004 through 2006

Xiaoyan Ma, Qiyun Zhang, Xiong He, Weidong Sun, Hai Yue, Sanny Chen, H. Fisher Raymond, Yang Li, Min Xu, Hui Du, Willi McFarland

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

186 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Studies tracking trends in HIV prevalence and risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China are rare. We report on 3 consecutive cross-sectional surveys measuring the prevalence of HIV, other infectious diseases, and related risk behavior among MSM in Beijing in 2004, 2005, and 2006. METHODS: We applied respondent-driven sampling (RDS) to recruit MSM for a structured face-to-face interview on demographic characteristics and HIV risk-related behavior. Blood specimens were drawn for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing. RESULTS: A total of 325 MSM participated in 2004, 427 in 2005, and 540 in 2006. HIV prevalence was 0.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.1 to 0.8) in 2004, 4.6% (95% CI: 2.2 to 7.6) in 2005, and 5.8% (95% CI: 3.4 to 8.5) in 2006. This apparent rise was accompanied by an increase in syphilis and self-reported history of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), high prevalence of multiple sex partners, and low consistent condom use. HCV prevalence also increased, from 0.4% (95% CI: 0.1 to 0.8) in 2004 to 5.2% (95% CI: 2.3 to 8.2) in 2006. CONCLUSIONS: We detected a possible rising prevalence of HIV and related risk behavior among MSM in Beijing using RDS in each of 3 consecutive years. Practical measures, including MSM-friendly HIV testing, STD services, and health provider education, are urgently needed to stop the further spread of HIV in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-587
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Keywords

  • China
  • HIV
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Respondent-driven sampling
  • Risk behavior
  • Surveillance

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