Epigenetic regulation is one of the driving forces in the process of carcinogenesis. Corosolic acid (CA); triterpenoid abundantly found in Lagerstroemia speciosa L. is known to modulate various cellular process including cellular oxidative stress and signaling kinases in various diseases, including skin cancer. Genetic mutations in early stages of skin cancer are well-documented, the epigenetic alterations remain elusive. In the present study, we identified the transcriptomic gene expression changes with RNAseq and genome-wide DNA CpG methylation changes with DNA methylseq to profile the early stage transcriptomic and epigenomic changes using tumor promoter TPA-mediated mouse epidermal epithelial JB6 P+ cells. JB6 P+ cells were treated with TPA and Corosolic acid by 7.5uM optimized by MTS assay. Differentiated expressed genes (DEGs) and Differentially methylated genes (DMRs) were analyzed by R software. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) was employed to understand the differential regulation of specific pathways. Novel TPA induced differentially overexpressed genes like tumor promoter Prl2c2, small prolin rich protein (Sprr2h) was reported which was downregulated by corosolic acid treatment. Several cancer related pathways were identified by Ingenuity Pathways Analysis (IPA) including p53, Erk, TGF beta signaling pathways. Moreover, differentially methylated regions (DMRs) in genes like Dusp22 (Dual specificity protein phosphatase 22), Rassf (tumor suppressor gene family, Ras association domain family) in JB6 P+ cells were uncovered which are altered by TPA and are reversed by CA treatment. Interestingly, genes like CDK1 (Cyclin-dependent kinases 1) and RASSF2 (Ras association domain family member 2) observed to be differentially methylated and expressed which was further modulated by corosolic acid treatment, validated by qPCR. Given study indicated gene expression changes to DNA CpG methylation epigenomic changes modulated various molecular pathways in TPA-induced JB6 cells and revealed that CA can potentially reverse these changes which deciphering novel molecular targets for future prevention of early stages of skin cancer studies in human.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Corosolic acid
- Early stage skin cancer
- Ingenuity pathway analysis
- Next generation sequencing (NGS)
- RNAseq and DNA methylseq