The role of p53 in tumor suppression has been extensively studied and well-established. However, the role of p53 in parasitic infections and the intestinal type 2 immunity is unclear. Here, we report that p53 is crucial for intestinal type 2 immunity in response to the infection of parasites, such as Tritrichomonas muris and Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. Mechanistically, p53 plays a critical role in the activation of the tuft cell-IL-25-type 2 innate lymphoid cell circuit, partly via transcriptional regulation of Lrmp in tuft cells. Lrmp modulates Ca2+ influx and IL-25 release, which are critical triggers of type 2 innate lymphoid cell response. Our results thus reveal a previously unrecognized function of p53 in regulating intestinal type 2 immunity to protect against parasitic infections, highlighting the role of p53 as a guardian of immune integrity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Physics and Astronomy
- General Chemistry
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology