Background: We hypothesized that significant tumor volume reduction (TVR) occurs over the course of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and that TVR correlates with clinical outcomes. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients treated with SBRT for early stage NSCLC across two academic centers. For each patient, we contoured the tumor volume (TV) on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images obtained before each treatment fraction. We then calculated TVR based on the TV from the first and last days of treatment. We used log-rank tests to quantify differences in overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and recurrence based on TVR. Results: Data from 69 patients and a total of 73 treated tumors were analyzed. The median follow-up for survivors was 51.8 months (range, 6.9 to 80.0 months). The median TVR for the cohort was 10.1% (range, ?5.7% to 43.5%). There was no significant difference in either OS (median 33.4 vs. 29.1 months, P=0.79) or PFS (median 26.3 vs. 12.3 months, P=0.43) for those with high TVRs (≥10.1%) vs. low TVRs (<10.1%), respectively. There was a trend toward superior 2-year PFS in the high TVR group (52.2% vs. 36.7%, P=0.062), but this effect diminished on longer follow-up (4-year PFS 31.9% vs. 26.7%, P=0.15). No associations were observed between TVR and local, regional or distant recurrence. Conclusions: We were not able to demonstrate that TVR is a reliable predictive imaging marker for stage I/II NSCLC treated with SBRT. Future studies with larger sample sizes are needed to clarify a potential relationship between TVR and early outcomes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
- Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT)
- Tumor volume reduction (TVR)