Type A behavior, self-involvement, and cardiovascular response

L. Scherwitz, K. Berton, Howard Leventhal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Coronary-prone Type A and noncoronary-prone Type B students were challenged by a battery of tasks including cold pressor, mental arithmetic, behavior type interview, and the generation and expression of emotions. Measures of blood pressure, heart rate, and digital vasoconstriction was intercorrelated with reported distress, performance, speech characteristics, emotional intensity, and self-references. The major difference between the two behavior types concerned self-references, measured as the frequency of personal pronouns employed in speech. The Type A's who referred to themselves frequently had a markedly higher systolic blood pressure, a slightly higher diastolic blood pressure, a lower heart rate, higher distress ratings to cold water, and more extreme voice emphasis and emotional intensity than Type A's who referred to themselves less frequently. The Type B's have little relationship of self-references to any of the measures taken. The possible role of self-involvement in generating Type A behavior and cardiovascular response is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-609
Number of pages17
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1978
Externally publishedYes

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Blood Pressure
Heart Rate
Hypertension
Vasoconstriction
Emotions
Interviews
Students
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Scherwitz, L. ; Berton, K. ; Leventhal, Howard. / Type A behavior, self-involvement, and cardiovascular response. In: Psychosomatic Medicine. 1978 ; Vol. 40, No. 8. pp. 593-609.
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Type A behavior, self-involvement, and cardiovascular response. / Scherwitz, L.; Berton, K.; Leventhal, Howard.

In: Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 40, No. 8, 01.01.1978, p. 593-609.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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