Underwater Adaptive Video Transmissions Using MIMO-Based Software-Defined Acoustic Modems

Mehdi Rahmati, Zhuoran Qi, Dario Pompili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Achieving reliable acoustic wireless video transmissionsin the extreme and uncertain underwater environment is a challenge due to the limited bandwidth and the error-prone nature of the channel. Aiming at optimizing the received video quality and the user's experience, an adaptive solution for underwater video transmissions is proposed that is specifically designed for Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO)-based Software-Defined Acoustic Modems (SDAMs). To keep the video distortion under an acceptable threshold and to keep the Physical-Layer Throughput (PLT) high, cross-layer techniques utilizing diversity-spatial multiplexing and Unequal Error Protection (UEP) are presented along with the scalable video compression at the application layer. Specifically, the scalability of the utilized SDAM with high processing capabilities is exploited in the proposed structure along with the temporal, spatial, and quality scalability of the Scalable Video Coding (SVC) H.264/MPEG-4 AVC compression standard. The transmitter broadcasts one video stream and realizes multicasting at different users. Experimental results at the Sonny Werblin Recreation Center, Rutgers University-NJ, are presented. Several scenarios for unknown channels at the transmitter are experimentally considered when the hydrophones are placed in different locations in the pool to achieve the required SVC-based video Quality of Service (QoS) and Quality of Experience (QoE) given the channel state information and the robustness of different SVC scalability. The video quality level is determined by the best communication link while the transmission scheme is decided based on the worst communication link, which guarantees that each user is able to receive the video with appropriate quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-485
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Multimedia
StatePublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Scalable video coding
  • software-defined modem
  • underwater acoustic MIMO communications
  • video transmissions


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