Unmasking the responses of the stem cells and progenitors in the subventricular zone after neonatal and pediatric brain injuries

Mariano Guardia Clausi, Ekta Kumari, Steven W. Levison

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is great interest in the regenerative potential of the neural stem cells and progenitors that populate the subventricular zone (SVZ). However, a comprehensive understanding of SVZ cell responses to brain injuries has been hindered by the lack of sensitive approaches to study the cellular composition of this niche. Here we review progress being made in deciphering the cells of the SVZ gleaned from the use of a recently designed flow cytometry panel that allows SVZ cells to be parsed into multiple subsets of progenitors as well as putative stem cells. We review how this approach has begun to unmask both the heterogeneity of SVZ cells as well as the dynamic shifts in cell populations with neonatal and pediatric brain injuries. We also discuss how flow cytometric analyses also have begun to reveal how specific cytokines, such as Leukemia inhibitory factor are coordinating SVZ responses to injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-48
Number of pages4
JournalNeural Regeneration Research
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental Neuroscience

Keywords

  • CNS regeneration
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Cytokines
  • Glial progenitors
  • Gliogenesis
  • Inflammation
  • Stroke
  • Traumatic brain injury

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