Heparin purge solution is recommended to be used in Impella devices to prevent biomaterial buildup and subsequent device dysfunction. The use of sodium bicarbonate purge solution in an Impella device is described in two patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). The first case details a patient with severe mitral regurgitation and cardiogenic shock who had an Impella CP placed who developed HIT. Heparin purge solution was replaced by sodium bicarbonate purge solution in addition to systemic direct thrombin inhibitor (DTI) initiation. There was no significant change in Impella purge pressure or flow over the 13 days of Impella use. The second case describes a patient who developed an acute myocardial infarction and subsequent cardiogenic shock for which an Impella CP was placed who also developed HIT. Heparin purge solution was replaced by sodium bicarbonate purge solution. There was no significant change in purge pressure, flow, or motor current spikes over 11 days of use. In conclusion, we describe the successful use of a novel sodium bicarbonate purge solution utilized in patients with HIT for Impella management alone and in combination with systemic direct thrombin inhibitor therapy. This resulted in no protein deposition in the device gaps or device dysfunction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- critical care
- heparin-induced thrombocytopenia