UVB Drives Metabolic Rewiring and Epigenetic Reprograming and Protection by Sulforaphane in Human Skin Keratinocytes

Shanyi Li, Hsiao Chen Dina Kuo, Lujing Wang, Renyi Wu, Davit Sargsyan, Ah Ng Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Sulforaphane (SFN) is a potent anticancer agent which could protect the skin from ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced insults. Currently, the metabolic rewiring and epigenetic reprograming induced by UVB and the role of SFN in UVB-mediated skin cell transformation remain largely unknown. Herein, we study the metabolome, epigenome, and transcriptome of human keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) exposed to UVB with or without SFN using liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy, DNA methylation sequencing, and RNA sequencing. UVB increases intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and SFN enhances ROS acutely in post-UVB-exposed HaCaT cells. UVB and SFN alter multiple metabolites and metabolism-related signaling pathways. Pathway analysis shows that UVB impacts numerous signaling pathways including STAT3, inhibition of matrix metalloproteases, and TGF-β, among others. DNA/CpG methylation analysis shows that SFN could partially reverse some of the alterations of UVB-induced CpG methylome. Integrating RNA-seq and Methyl-seq data, starburst plots show the correlation of mRNA expression and CpG methylation status. The potential linkages between the metabolome, CpG methylome, and transcriptome suggest that metabolites produced during metabolism act as cofactors or substrates for catalytic epigenetic modification and transcriptional regulation. These results indicate that UVB drives metabolic rewiring, epigenetic reprograming, and phenotypic transcriptomic alterations and SFN would block or attenuate many of these aberrations, potentially contributing to the overall protective effect of SFN against UVB-induced skin damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1220-1233
Number of pages14
JournalChemical Research in Toxicology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 18 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology


Dive into the research topics of 'UVB Drives Metabolic Rewiring and Epigenetic Reprograming and Protection by Sulforaphane in Human Skin Keratinocytes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this