TY - JOUR

T1 - Values and norms of proof for mathematicians and students

AU - Dawkins, Paul Christian

AU - Weber, Keith

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

PY - 2017/6/1

Y1 - 2017/6/1

N2 - In this theoretical paper, we present a framework for conceptualizing proof in terms of mathematical values, as well as the norms that uphold those values. In particular, proofs adhere to the values of establishing a priori truth, employing decontextualized reasoning, increasing mathematical understanding, and maintaining consistent standards for acceptable reasoning across domains. We further argue that students’ acceptance of these values may be integral to their apprenticeship into proving practice; students who do not perceive or accept these values will likely have difficulty adhering to the norms that uphold them and hence will find proof confusing and problematic. We discuss the implications of mathematical values and norms with respect to proof for investigating mathematical practice, conducting research in mathematics education, and teaching proof in mathematics classrooms.

AB - In this theoretical paper, we present a framework for conceptualizing proof in terms of mathematical values, as well as the norms that uphold those values. In particular, proofs adhere to the values of establishing a priori truth, employing decontextualized reasoning, increasing mathematical understanding, and maintaining consistent standards for acceptable reasoning across domains. We further argue that students’ acceptance of these values may be integral to their apprenticeship into proving practice; students who do not perceive or accept these values will likely have difficulty adhering to the norms that uphold them and hence will find proof confusing and problematic. We discuss the implications of mathematical values and norms with respect to proof for investigating mathematical practice, conducting research in mathematics education, and teaching proof in mathematics classrooms.

KW - Mathematical culture

KW - Norms

KW - Proof

KW - Values

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85006367258&partnerID=8YFLogxK

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U2 - 10.1007/s10649-016-9740-5

DO - 10.1007/s10649-016-9740-5

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85006367258

SN - 0013-1954

VL - 95

SP - 123

EP - 142

JO - Educational Studies in Mathematics

JF - Educational Studies in Mathematics

IS - 2

ER -