Vertex operator algebras, the Verlinde conjecture, and modular tensor categories

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Abstract

Let V be a simple vertex operator algebra satisfying the following conditions: (i) V(n) = 0 for n < 0, V0 = ℂ1, and the contragredient module V′ is isomorphic to V as a V-module; (ii) every ℕ-gradable weak V-module is completely reducible; (iii) V is C 2-cofinite. We announce a proof of the Verlinde conjecture for V, that is, of the statement that the matrices formed by the fusion rules among irreducible V-modules are diagonalized by the matrix given by the action of the modular transformation τ → -1/τ on the space of characters of irreducible V-modules. We discuss some consequences of the Verlinde conjecture, including the Verlinde formula for the fusion rules, a formula for the matrix given by the action of τ → -1/τ, and the symmetry of this matrix. We also announce a proof of the rigidity and nondegeneracy property of the braided tensor category structure on the category of V-modules when V satisfies in addition the condition that irreducible V-modules not equivalent to V have no nonzero elements of weight 0. In particular, the category of V-modules has a natural structure of modular tensor category.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5352-5356
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume102
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 12 2005

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title = "Vertex operator algebras, the Verlinde conjecture, and modular tensor categories",
abstract = "Let V be a simple vertex operator algebra satisfying the following conditions: (i) V(n) = 0 for n < 0, V0 = ℂ1, and the contragredient module V′ is isomorphic to V as a V-module; (ii) every ℕ-gradable weak V-module is completely reducible; (iii) V is C 2-cofinite. We announce a proof of the Verlinde conjecture for V, that is, of the statement that the matrices formed by the fusion rules among irreducible V-modules are diagonalized by the matrix given by the action of the modular transformation τ → -1/τ on the space of characters of irreducible V-modules. We discuss some consequences of the Verlinde conjecture, including the Verlinde formula for the fusion rules, a formula for the matrix given by the action of τ → -1/τ, and the symmetry of this matrix. We also announce a proof of the rigidity and nondegeneracy property of the braided tensor category structure on the category of V-modules when V satisfies in addition the condition that irreducible V-modules not equivalent to V have no nonzero elements of weight 0. In particular, the category of V-modules has a natural structure of modular tensor category.",
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N2 - Let V be a simple vertex operator algebra satisfying the following conditions: (i) V(n) = 0 for n < 0, V0 = ℂ1, and the contragredient module V′ is isomorphic to V as a V-module; (ii) every ℕ-gradable weak V-module is completely reducible; (iii) V is C 2-cofinite. We announce a proof of the Verlinde conjecture for V, that is, of the statement that the matrices formed by the fusion rules among irreducible V-modules are diagonalized by the matrix given by the action of the modular transformation τ → -1/τ on the space of characters of irreducible V-modules. We discuss some consequences of the Verlinde conjecture, including the Verlinde formula for the fusion rules, a formula for the matrix given by the action of τ → -1/τ, and the symmetry of this matrix. We also announce a proof of the rigidity and nondegeneracy property of the braided tensor category structure on the category of V-modules when V satisfies in addition the condition that irreducible V-modules not equivalent to V have no nonzero elements of weight 0. In particular, the category of V-modules has a natural structure of modular tensor category.

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