Very accurate potential energy curve of the LiH molecule

Wei Cheng Tung, Michele Pavanello, Ludwik Adamowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


We present very accurate calculations of the ground-state potential energy curve (PEC) of the LiH molecule performed with all-electron explicitly correlated Gaussian functions with shifted centers. The PEC is generated with the variational method involving simultaneous optimization of all Gaussians with an approach employing the analytical first derivatives of the energy with respect to the Gaussian nonlinear parameters (i.e., the exponents and the coordinates of the shifts). The LiH internuclear distance is varied between 1.8 and 40 bohrs. The absolute accuracy of the generated PEC is estimated as not exceeding 0.3 cm-1. The adiabatic corrections for the four LiH isotopologues, i.e., 7LiH, 6LiH, 7LiD, and 6LiD, are also calculated and added to the LiH PEC. The aforementioned PECs are then used to calculate the vibrational energies for these systems. The maximum difference between the computed and the experimental vibrational transitions is smaller than 0.9 cm-1. The contribution of the adiabatic correction to the dissociation energy of 7LiH molecule is 10.7 cm-1. The magnitude of this correction shows its importance in calculating the LiH spectroscopic constants. As the estimated contribution of the nonadiabatic and relativistic effects to the ground state dissociation energy is around 0.3 cm-1, their inclusion in the LiH PEC calculation seems to be the next most important contribution to evaluate in order to improve the accuracy achieved in this work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064117
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Feb 14 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Very accurate potential energy curve of the LiH molecule'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this