Vitamin D and glucocorticoids differentially modulate chemokine expression in human airway smooth muscle cells

A. Banerjee, G. Damera, R. Bhandare, S. Gu, Y. S. Lopez-Boado, R. A. Panettieri, O. Tliba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and purpose: Chemokines play a critical role in the pathogenesis of asthma and facilitate the recruitment of inflammatory cells in the airways. Evidence now suggests that airway smooth muscle (ASM) may serve as a source of chemokines in inflamed airways. Although vitamin D has potent anti-inflammatory properties in vitro in some cell types, its effects on ASM cells remain unclear. Here, we investigated whether 1α, 25-dihydroxy vitamin D 3 (calcitriol) modulated chemokine production in ASM. Experimental approach: Human ASM cell cultures were derived from tracheal samples taken during surgery. ASM cells were treated with tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and/or interferon gamma (IFNγ) for 24 h in the presence of calcitriol and/or the glucocorticoid fluticasone added 2 h before. RANTES (regulated upon activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted), interferon-inducible protein 10 (IP-10) and fractalkine (FKN) levels in cell supernatants were measured by ELISA. Key results: In TNFα-treated cells, calcitriol inhibited RANTES and IP-10 secretion in a concentration-dependent manner. FKN levels were negligible. In TNFα/IFNγ-treated cells, whereas fluticasone or calcitriol alone partially inhibited RANTES secretion (by 38 and 20%, respectively), the combination of both drugs additively inhibited RANTES secretion (by 60%). No effect was observed on IP-10 secretion. Whereas fluticasone enhanced FKN secretion (by 50%), calcitriol significantly decreased FKN levels (by 50%). Interestingly, calcitriol blocked the stimulatory effect of fluticasone on FKN secretion, which was inhibited by 60% with the combination of calcitriol and fluticasone. Conclusions and implications: These findings suggest that vitamin D uniquely modulates human ASM expression of chemokines and may exert some beneficial effects in the treatment of steroid-resistant patients with asthma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-92
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume155
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

Keywords

  • Airway structural cells
  • Asthma
  • Calcitriol
  • Chemokines
  • Cytokines
  • Drug
  • Gene expression
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Inflammation
  • Steroid resistance

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