Vitamin D-dependent calcium-binding protein synthesis by chick kidney and duodenal polysomes

Sylvia Christakos, Anthony W. Norman

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The hormonally active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3, is known to induce in the intestine and kidney of chicks the synthesis of a calcium-binding protein (CaBP). Here we report a correlation between the tissue levels of CaBP and the levels of apparent messenger RNA in total polysomes as determined by the vitamin D and dietary calcium status. Polysomes from pooled duodenal mucosa and kidney were prepared by the Mg2+ precipitation method. After translation in a heterologous, rabbit nuclease-treated reticulocyte system, the immunoprecipitated pellet of CaBP was dissolved and the proteins were separated on 10% sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels. When 13 nmol of D3 was given to 4-week-old rachitic chicks which were sacrificed 48 h later, it was found that the duodenum had eightfold more apparent mRNA for CaBP in the polysomes than the kidney. This was also reflected in the values of CaBP/mg protein in these tissues (duodenum, 7 μg/mg vs kidney, 0.9 μ/mg). Also, after giving D3, there was a twofold increase in both apparent mRNA levels in the polysomes and in CaBP levels in the duodena of chicks which were raised on low-calcium diets versus chicks raised on high-calcium diets. While apparent mRNA for CaBP was present in polysomes from rachitic chick kidney, it was not detectable in the duodenum. From these studies it appears that the induction of CaBP by 1,25(OH)2D3 in both the intestine and kidney is determined by similar control mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)809-815
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1980
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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