We have previously observed decreased intestinal 9 kilodalton (kd) vitamin D-dependent calcium binding protein (CaBP) and decreased calcium absorption in juvenile Xlinked hypophosphatemic (Hyp) mice. The present studies were undertaken to examine whether the kidney CaBPs (9 kd and 28 kd) are also affected in young Hyp mice and to investigate the ability of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol [1,25-(OH)2D3] to increase CaBP in the intestine and kidney. The 28 kd CaBP and the 9 kd CaBP were measured in the kidneys and the 9 kd CaBP in the intestines of normal and Hyp mice from 1 week to 40 weeks of age. At all times between 3 and 6 weeks, intestinal CaBP in Hyp mice was decreased by more than 50% (P < 0.005â€“0.001) and no significant decrease was present in the adult Hyp mice (12 and 40 weeks of age). By contrast, both kidney CaBPs were decreased only slightly in young Hyp mice. Between 1 and 6 weeks of age, the 9 kd CaBP in Hyp mice was 82% Â± 4% of control (P < 0.001) and the 28 kd protein was 89% Â± 3% of control (P <0.001). Minipumps containing 1,25-(OH)2D3 or vehicle were implanted in 4-week and 13-week-old Hyp mice for 3 days to provide a dose of 0.12 Mg/kg mouse-day. The 9 kd CaBP was increased approximately 3-fold (P <0.001) by 1,25-(OH)2D3 in the intestines of Hyp mice at both ages. The 9 kd kidney CaBP in Hyp mice also was increased by 1,25-(OH)2D3 treatment at both ages, but only by 33-52%. The 28 kd CaBP in the kidney was not affected by 1,25-(OH)2D3 treatment of Hyp mice at either age. We conclude that (9 kd and 28 kd) CaBPs levels in both intestine and kidney are decreased in juvenile Hyp mice although to much different degrees. The administration of 1,25-(OH)2D3 to Hyp mice increases the 9 kd CaBP in both intestine and kidneys, whereas the renal 28 kd CaBP is unaffected.
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