The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice.Concurrent chemoradiotherapy remains central to the treatment of limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). SCLC is one of the few tumors treated with twice-daily radiotherapy (RT) in the primary definitive setting, a regimen that was established when Intergroup 0096 demonstrated its superiority over once-daily RT. However, questions remained about the optimal chemoradiotherapy regimen given the low RT dose used in the once-daily RT arm of Intergroup 0096. CALGB 30610/RTOG 0538 and CONVERT attempted to establish whether dose-escalated once-daily RT was superior to twice-daily RT in limited-stage SCLC. Although both studies showed similar survival between treatment regimens, once-daily RT was not found to be superior to twice-daily RT, and trial design limited the ability to conclude dose-escalated once-daily RT as noninferior to twice-daily RT. Thus, twice-daily RT with concurrent chemotherapy remains a standard of care in limited-stage SCLC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research