Waste management: Conservation, reuse, and recycling of materials and components

Uta Krogmann, Cris B. Liban, Anand Puppala, Krishna Reddy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Since the enactment of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act in 1976 and its amendments, managing wastes typically follows the waste hierarchy. The waste hierarchy starts with the most environmentally preferred waste management option, conservation; continues with reuse, recycling, and energy recovery; and ends with the least preferred option, disposal (landfilling). The waste hierarchy has also been called the resource efficiency hierarchy to emphasize that only resource consumption generates waste. Construction and demolition (CD) waste refers to materials produced in construction, maintenance, and/or demolition of structures such as buildings and infrastructure projects and systems. Hazardous CD waste falls under the jurisdiction of the EPA or local jurisdictions with delegated authority to implement federal and state hazardous waste regulations. Waste prevention, reuse, and recycling practices of other fractions are applied more often in building than in infrastructure projects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEngineering for Sustainable Communities
Subtitle of host publicationPrinciples and Practices
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780784480755
ISBN (Print)9780784414811
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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