Government represents one of the most important funding sources for nonprofit organizations. However, the literature has not yet provided a systematic understanding of nonprofits' organizational factors that are associated with their receipts of government funding. This study combines interorganizational relationships and organizational institutionalism literature to examine the determinants of nonprofits' obtainment of government funding. Based on a survey of human service nonprofits in Maryland, this research finds that nonprofits with higher bureaucratic orientation, stronger domain consensus with government, and longer government funding history are more likely to receive government contracts and grants. Nonprofits' revenue diversification, professionalization, and board co-optation might have very limited impacts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Strategy and Management
- Government-nonprofit relationships
- Interorganizational relationships
- Organizational institutionalism