Wild type and mutant signal peptides of Escherichia coli outer membrane lipoprotein interact with equal efficiency with mammalian signal recognition particle.

P. D. Garcia, J. Ghrayeb, M. Inouye, P. Walter

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The signal peptide of the outer membrane lipoprotein (OMLP) of Escherichia coli was shown to be capable of promoting protein translocation across mammalian microsomal membranes in vitro. We assayed translocation of a fusion protein containing the OMLP signal peptide and nine amino acids of OMLP fused in frame to beta-lactamase. The efficiency with which the mammalian translocation machinery recognizes and accepts the OMLP signal peptide as substrate is indistinguishable from that of mammalian secretory proteins. Upon translocation mammalian signal peptidase processes the pre-OMLP-beta-lactamase protein at different sites than are utilized in vivo by E. coli OMLP signal peptidase (signal peptidase II) but that can be predicted as mammalian signal peptidase cleavage sites. Mutants in the OMLP signal peptide were tested for their ability to promote translocation of the fusion protein in this assay system. It has been shown previously that mutants in the positively charged amino acids at the amino terminus of the signal peptide severely delay the translocation of OMLP in vivo in E. coli. However, these mutants had no detectable effect either on signal recognition by mammalian signal recognition particle or on the efficiency of translocation itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9463-9468
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number20
StatePublished - Jul 15 1987


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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