Quality control of mRNA represents an important regulatory mechanism for gene expression in eukaryotes. One component of this quality control is the nuclear retention and decay of misprocessed RNAs. Previously, we demonstrated that mature mRNAs containing a 5′ splice site (5′SS) motif, which is typically found in misprocessed RNAs such as intronic polyadenylated (IPA) transcripts, are nuclear retained and degraded. Using high-throughput sequencing of cellular fractions, we now demonstrate that IPA transcripts require the zinc finger protein ZFC3H1 for their nuclear retention and degradation. Using reporter mRNAs, we demonstrate that ZFC3H1 promotes the nuclear retention of mRNAs with intact 5′SS motifs by sequestering them into nuclear speckles. Furthermore, we find that U1-70K, a component of the spliceosomal U1 snRNP, is also required for the nuclear retention of these reporter mRNAs and likely functions in the same pathway as ZFC3H1. Finally, we show that the disassembly of nuclear speckles impairs the nuclear retention of reporter mRNAs with 5′SS motifs. Our results highlight a splicing independent role of U1 snRNP and indicate that it works in conjunction with ZFC3H1 in preventing the nuclear export of misprocessed mRNAs by sequestering them into nuclear speckles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- U1 snRNP
- intronic polyadenylated transcripts
- nuclear speckles